In the Islamic faith death does not represent the absolute end of existence. It is rather the transition from this life to the other world.
After death has occurred, the body must be prepared for the funeral rites according to Islamic regulations. In addition it is important that the body is buried as rapidly as possible.

What is to be done with a Muslim who is about to die?

  1. The dying person is to be positioned in one of the two following ways: either on the right side, the face directed towards Mekka or on the back with her/his feet towards Mekka. The head is somewhat raised, so that the face is looking in the direction of Mekka. The first method is preferred.
  2. The dying person is to be reminded of the credo: “There is no divinity except Allah, Muhammad is its prophet.” This must be done in a respectful way and discreetly. One should not repeat this too often, in order not to trouble the dying person. One should not force her or him to it. The respect for the dying and her/his peace of mind must be considered. In serious cases (weakness, coma) also brothers and sisters in faith can pronounce the credo with and for the dying one.
  3. At the moment of her/his death the next of kin (a family member) is led to the dying person to remind her/him of God, to speak the prayer of forgiveness for their sins and to remind her/him of her/his last will.
  4. The prayers for her/him should be numerous and the Qur’an should be recited, particularly the Sura “Yasin”. The recitation should be very discreet so as not to worry the dying one.
  5. It is recommended that the vigilant(s) should reminded the dying person of God’s beneficent deeds to strengthen her/his trust and faith in God’s Allmighty Glory and Magnificence.

What is to be done after death occurred?

  1. Close the eyes of the dead person.
  2. Bind the lower jaw to the head in order to prevent its falling.
  3. Put an appropriate article on the belly of the departed in order to prevent its becoming inflated.
  4. If possible gently bend the joints of the departed immediately after death in such a way that the forearms lie against the arms and the sides of the body and belly and the legs against the thighs and these against the belly. This body posture facilitates the washing of the body.
  5. The departed is lifted slightly and her/his face is directed towards Mecca.
  6. He or she is undressed and covered with a cloth that covers the whole body.
  7. If the departed person had debts, these should be paid at once.
  8. It is appropriate to inform the people who knew the departed of her/his death so that they can participate in the funeral rites.
  9. It is forbidden to mourn in a loud voice, to cry out loud or beat one’s cheeks, tear one’s dresses etc. It is not forbidden to cry, because mourning is an expression of love and sympathy of humans for a fellow human being. However, it should be expressed moderately. The mourners should endure their suffering and await the comfort and reward of their God. The departed is a gift to God and He has taken her/him home.
  10. Out of respect for the departed it is recommended that the preparations for the funeral rites are carried out without delay.
  11. After the prescribed washing and clothing rituals of the deceased the prayer is said for her/him.

As Salamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu.